Bismillah. This is the 5th lesson on “Tausug 101: Learning Bahasa Sug” by Anak Iluh. For lists of lessons, please go to: Lists of Lessons.
In this lesson, we will discuss the second form of pronouns found in Bahasa Sug: the Genitive Pronouns. Hmm, the word “genitive” seems so foreign to us, so we will use the other user-friendly name of it: The Dependent, Possessive Pronouns.
Possessive Pronouns, as the name suggests, are those pronouns used to indicate ‘possession’ of an object: be it a thing, a person, or anything that can be owned (even action and dreams!) by the subject. There are two kinds of possessive pronouns: dependent and independent. Genitive pronouns are the “dependent, possessive pronouns” because they cannot stand alone. The following are the Genitive Pronouns found in Bahasa Sug:
(DEPENDENT, POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS)
in BAHASA SUG
|1st Person (speaker)
|Plural (including the listener)
|Plural (excluding the listener)
|2nd Person (to listener)
|3rd Person (absent)
(Try to compare this table with the one we have in Lesson 5)
Because these pronouns are ‘dependent’, they cannot basically stand alone nor are they used as subjects in a sentence. They are ALWAYS preceded by the object (the possession) of the subject. Examples:
Báy ku = My House
Báy ta/natu’ = Our house (inclusive)
Báy namu’ = Our house (exclusive)
Báy mu = Your house (singular)
Báy niyu = Your house (Plural)
Báy niya = His/Her house
Báy nila = Their House
Try experimenting with these pronouns and the other Tausug Words we have learned so far. Remember that the always comes before the .
On another case, we will also learn that these same pronouns are used to refer to the of a verb. I am still consulting the experts as to what is this ‘relationship’ called. This happens when the genitive pronouns above are preceded by instead of . We will learn more about this when we reach the Lessons on Verbs. Here are some examples:
Kiyta’ ku hi Sulayman. I saw Sulayman. (Ku here is the actor of the verb Kiyta’,“saw”)
Hain in kiyawa’ mu? Which one did you took? (mu is actor of kiyawa’, “took”)
Piyanaw nila in jambatan. They walked to the wharf. (nila is the actor of piyanaw, “walked”)
This is not limited to past tenses of verbs only as it also appears in verbs in present tense. We will try to discuss this later on for the “advance learners” only and will be discussing about them further in the VERBS, in shaa Allah. Beginners in Bahasa Sug can focus in the dependent, possessive form only.
This ends our 6th lesson.
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Till next week, Salam Kasilasa!