Counting Numbers 1-99 (Umbulan)

              Assalamu Alaykum. This is the 2nd Bonus lesson for “Tausug 101: Learning Bahasa Sug” by Anak Iluh. For lists of lessons, please go to: Lists of Lessons.

[Update! Don’t forget to watch the video at the end of this post! There is also a playable audio and a downloadable mp3 file for this! Salam kasilasa! -T101 team]

              Counting numbers in Bahasa Sug is as easy as 1-2-3! 🙂 We’ll start with the names of numbers 1-10 and also the other groups of tens (20, 30, 40, and so on). And then we’ll talk about the rules in naming numbers. (listen to the audio file for this lesson, download link provided below)

Numbers 1 to 10
One (1)
Isa (Hambuuk*)
Two (2)
Three (3)
Four (4)
Five (5)
Six (6)
Seven (7)
Eight (8)
Nine (9)
Ten (10)
The Group of Tens
Twenty (20)
Kawhaan or Kawaan
Thirty (30)
Forty (40)
Fifty (50)
Sixty (60)
Seventy (70)
Eighty (80)
Ninety (90)
One Hudred (100)

Here are the rules in naming:

The Rule of “One”:
                The lone number One (1) in Bahasa Sug ironically, has more than one names which are used depending on the situation it takes. The different names of “one” and its usage in Bahasa Sug are as follows:
  is generally used when counting (as in “isa, duwa, etc.), ranking numbers (Hika-isa, “First”) and sometimes occurrences or condition (Isa-isa, “alone”).
  is used when referring to the number or quantity of a subject (hambuuk da, “only one”); in occurrences (nakahambuuk, “once”); and also in telling time (Lisag Hambuuk, “One O’clock”).
  is  used to refer to frequency or amount of something. It is the other form of Hambuuk and is always followed by an but with more emphasis on the “content” (luun) of the object being referred to. Compare the examples:
Hambuuk basu malaggu = “One big glass (for drinking)”, emphasis on the ‘number’ of glass which is 1.
Hangka basu tubig= “A glass of water”, emphasis on the luun (content), which is a cup of water.
Also in Hangkaminsan, “One time” (slightly different from Nakaminsan = “Once”)
*Credit to Sir Neldy Jolo for this 🙂
Awal and Satu
  these are derived from their Arabic (Awwal, meaning first) and Malay (Umbul Satu, number one). They are often used to mean “First” as in Awal dimatung, “First to come” or “early” as in Awal Jaman, “early times”.
(DON’T WORRY! You do not have to know the exact differences among these names. This is just for the sake of knowing the other names of “one”. Only the first two names are very common and must be learned by beginners.)

Naming numbers higher than 10:
                In naming numbers higher than Ten (10), the following rules are considered:

1) State the number in Tens; 
2) Then add the infix tag-; 
3) And lastly, state the number in Ones. 

Here are examples to further elaborate this rule:

English number
Tausug Name
10 + 1
Hangpu’ –tag- isa
Hangpu’ tag-isa
10 + 5
Hangpu’ –tag- lima
Hangpu’ taglima
20 + 6
Kawhaan –tag- unum
Kawhaan tag-unum
90 + 8
Kasiyaman –tag- walu
Kasiyaman tagwalu

This rule applies all throughout the numbers 11 to 99.


              There also exist another way of naming these numbers. Because of the “long way” of naming these numbers, another alternative way of naming them (which is a bit shorter) is used by removing the infex “-tag-“. We can now often hear the term “Kawhaan-lima” for 25 instead of the original “Kawhaan-taglima”. Both are accepted so it’s good to know both of them.
              There! We have learned 1) the names of numbers 1-10 and the group of tens; 2) the different names and uses of number “one”; and 3) the rule on naming numbers higher than ten. We’ll have another lesson for naming numbers from 100 to 1000 (whoa!). I hope you enjoyed learning something new today. Learn them by heart, use them every day, and enjoy learning Bahasa Sug!
              Here are the download links for the audio files: DOWNLOADS (If still unavailable, pls wait for it :-). Keep practicing!

Until next Monday,
Anak Iluh.


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