Today is Monday. And we are suppose to publish our next lesson (Lesson 10: Tausug Adjectives). But unfortunately, due to the hectic schedules of our author, he have to take a short leave for a while (uhm, he’s also hoping that the readers would understand this, in shaa Allah?)
And because we have promised to answer last week’s short quiz on Lesson 9 (Conjunctions), we have to at least keep that promise. Here’s the quiz last week: (if you haven’t done answering them yet, try doing it now before checking the answers.)
I. Fill in the blanks using the three Tausug conjunctions “sin”, “hi” and “hinda”. Only English translations will be provided)
- Kiyawa’ hi Jamal in butung ___ apa’ Malik. (Jamal took uncle Malik’s coconut.)
- Nabali’ in sasapu ___ magdaragang. (The broomstick of the vendor was broken.)
- Piyakain na in mga anak ___ kuting ini? (Where did the kittens of this cat go?)
- In mutul ___ Morshid in nagkangiy’. (The motorbike of Morshid’s family was the one not working. –Plural–)
- Dakdakan ku pa in badju’ ___ Inah ku. (I will wash my mother’s dress. –“Mother” here is used as an identified, proper noun.)
II. Identify if the following underlined words with “hi” and “hinda” are used either as NOUN MARKERS or as CONJUNCTIONS.
- In sayng biniy hi Samir. (The banana was bought by Samir.) ________________
- Manghud hi Kamal in dimagan. (The one running is a younger brother of Kamal) _________
- Dimá naglumba’ hi Muktar, amun anak hi Amin. (Muktar, the son of Amin, called for a race.) _____________, ______________ (two answers)
- Hi Marwan in nangdaug. (Marwan is the one who won.M) __________.
Answer all the items before clicking READ MORE.
And here are the correct answers (and some explanations why):
Test I. “sin”, “hi” or “hinda”
- Kiyawa’ hi Jamal in butung hi apa’ Malik. (we use “hi” because “Apa’ Malik” is a proper, singular noun)
- Nabali’ in sasapu sin magdaragang. (“magdaragang”, is a common noun)
- Piyakain na in mga anak sin kuting ini? (“kuting“, is a common noun)
- In mutul hinda Morshid nagkangiy’. (Morshid is a proper noun, and we are referring to him and his family, which makes us use the plural form “hinda“)
- Dakdakan ku pa in badju hi/sin Inah ku. (“Inah” can either be a proper noun (My mother) or a common noun (mother). Both are accepted.)
Test II. Conjunction or Noun Marker.
- In saying biniy hi Samir. = Noun Marker (NM); “biniy” is a verb and “Samir” a noun, is being identified.
- Manghud hi Kamal in dimagan. = Conjunction (CO). “Manghud” is our Noun1 and “Kamal” is our Noun 2. (please see lesson 9: Conjunctions)
- Dimá naglumba’ hi Muktar, amun anak hi Amin. = The first underlined items: NM; “naglumba’” is a verb and “Muktar” is our identified noun. The second set of items: CO; “anak” is our Noun1 and “Amin” our Noun2.
- Hi Marwan in nangdaug. = NM; This is more obvious. When the article “hi/hinda” is placed at the very beginning of the sentence, it’s always an NM identifying a noun, in this case, “Marwan“.
Alhamdulillah, we are done with the first quiz. Expect more of these in our following lessons. Hope you enjoyed this session and learned something today. Have a blessed week everyone!
We will keep you posted on when our Lesson #10 will be published. Just go to our FB Page at: www.facebook.com/Tausug101 and click LIKE.